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    ALA KURDAN





    Ala Kurdan



    Her millet, netewe, xelk dewlet aleke wan heye. Al nþana huwyeta wan e, sembola hebna wan e. Ala her millet bi þiklek ye, reng semboln w bi awayek ye. Wek her millet, Kurd j xwedy alek ne. Ala Kurdan a ku ro t bikarann sor, sip, kesk e di navna w de rojek zer heye.

    Di tarx de Kurdan keng al, an j sembolek ku þna al bigre bikaranne, em baþ nizanin. L ew Kurdn ku ev ser 6-7 hezar salane ku li Kurdistan, yan li cih xwe y nuha dijn, bguman wan j gelek dewlet maret avakirine. wek her dewlet maretn qedm, wan j miheqqeq alek, an j li þna al sembolek bikaranne. Yan ew dewletn wek Mittan, Hurr, Subar, Xald, Kardox, Kas, Med hn gelekn din ku di tarx de rolek mezin lstine, leþker kirine, bajar medeniyet avakirine li gor tarxzanan j bav kaln Kurdan in, div ku xwed al bin.

    Wex efsane her Kurd bi roka Kawa dizane. Kawa hesinger e. Pþtimalek w heye. Piþt ku li hember Dehaq bi ser dikeve, dibe hukumdar welt pþtimala xwe j wek al bi kar tne. Her end efsane ye, l tde al hatiye bi kar ann. Yan di efsaneyan de be j xuya ye Kurdan al an j sembolek ku þna al digre bi kar anne.

    Dsa ew maretn Kurdan, wek Þedad, Merwan, Botan, Soran, Erdelan, Bahdnan hn gelekn din, her end nv serbixwe bn j, l li mizgeftan bi nav mrn wan xutbe dihatin xwendin, xwed leþker qesr avahyn mezin bn. Ev maretn ku endsed salan li Kurdistan hukum kirin, gerek alek an semboleke wan a ku li þna al bi kar diann hebya.

    Mr Bedirxan (1802-1868) ku seranser Kurdistan di bin hukm w de b, xwed pere top tifing b. Li ser nav dewleta xwe pere derxistib. H w wext tkil bi Ewrpay re danb, ji bo birvebirina dewleta xwe xwendevan þandib Ewrpay. Li ser Gola Wan ji bo parastin tcareta dewleta xwe kþtyn þer tcaret dab kirin. Gelo meriv dikare bibje ku Mr Bedirxan ku hewqas tiþt kirye, b al be. Bguman na! L ji ber ku tu belgeyek ji dewra ber di dest me de tuneye, em nizanin aln wan awa bn.

    Yezdan Þr birazy Mr Bedirxan ku di saln 1853-1856’an de Kurdistan hem girtib bin hukm xwe, hejmara leþkern w gehþtib heþt hezar. Div ku xwed al bya. Mesela di stranek folklor de ku d 1887’an de j al Socn Prym j dev Yahdyek Kurdistan hatye girtin, li ser þer Yezdan Þr e, tde peyva "beyraq" derbas dibe. Di destpka sitran de pþ qala plan programa Yezdan Þr t kirn, ku ew hem serok eþr mezinn Kurdan li Cizr dicivne bi wan re civnek dike. Paþ j yeko yeko qala kesn ku tn civn dike pesn wan dide d rzeke sitran de weha t gotin:

    "....


    Go ew Zaxoy bi rt kevotan
    Beyraq bne cot bi cotan
    Ber xwe dane Cizra Botan..." (1)

    Dsa di klaskn Kurd de j gelek þar nivskarn Kurdan di helbestn xwe de peyva al bi kar anne. L wek ji kalskn Kurd j t fmkirin ku rastya gotin ne "al" l "ala" ye. end mnak:

    Zalim kuþtim þepal,
    Nazik, qenc delal,
    Bn hcaba zilf xal,
    dek ala tox.

    (Ji Dwana Melay Cizr, 1407-1481)

    Bejn bala tox ala
    Min kirin vkra mitala
    eka terhn wala
    Dil ji min bir, dil ji min.

    (Ji Dwana Melay Cizr)

    L me hv wasiq e ez feqr
    Jr alaya te bim roja ’esr.

    (Ji Mewluda Melay Bat, 1417-1491)

    Ya Reb man dixwazin em midam
    Jr alaya Muhemmed wesselam.

    (Ji Mewluda Melay Bat)

    þaret wehy- telwh radet vn qudret þn,
    Ceman qels betel merd lwa ala, alem nþan.

    (Ji Nbara Ehmed Xan, 1651-1706)

    Ala Kurdan a ro

    Ala Kurd ya ku ro ji al herkes ve t qeblkirin keng, awa ji al k hatye kirin bi baþ ne diyar e. L bi qas ku ji belgeyn hey t fm kirin di destpka saln 1920’ de ji al rxistinn Kurdan n w dem hatiye kirin tesbtkirin. Mesela w wext Kurdstan Teal Cemyet li ser qerta huwiyet a komel "zemna w kesk li ort j rojek" alek Kurd apkirine ku ev al j "Katib Umm y komel Zeynelabidn kirye" (2).

    Li gor Zinnar Slop (Qedr Ceml Paþa) ala Kurd ya royn ji al Teþklati ctmaye Cemiyety hatye tesbtkirin ku þikl w weha ye; li jor reng sor, di navn de sip, li ser sip roj li bin reng kesk wek ala mill ya Kurdan tesbtkirine lan kirine.

    Her end di dest me de tu belgeyek din an j rismek al ya w wext tuneye, l dsa j li gor gotina Zinar Slop em dikarin bibjin ku Ala Kurd ya ku ro ji al herkes ve t qeblkirin di 1920’ de ji al Teþklat ctmaye Cemyet ya Kurdan hatye kirin (3).

    Di 1921’an de Mistefa Paþa Yamlk li gel hin ji muessisn Teþklat ctmaiye Cemiyet; Xell Rami Bedirxan, Kemal Fewz, Mewlanzade Rifat dixwazin biin Kurdistana Baþr, l ngiliz nahlin ew derbas bin, ten Mistefa Paþa Yamulk ji ber ku ji Silmany ye, derbas dibe. Mistefa Paþa die Silmaniyey di hukumeta Kurd ya ku di 10.10.1922’an de di bin hukumdarya Þx Mahmd Berzenc de t avakirin, dibe wezr perwerdekary (3). Her w dem ji al Þx Mehmd ve alek Kurd hatib qeblkirin pl j apkiribn (4). Di dest me de ev al j tuneye ku em bibjin þikl w awa b. L ji ber ku Mistefa Paþa Yamlk yek ji muessisn Teþklat ctmaye Cemyet ye ku þikl ala Kurd tesbt kirye di hukmata Þx Mehmd de j bye wezr berpisyar rojnama nv resm ya v hukmat; Bang Kurdistan, ne dr e ku ala Kurdan ya dewra Þx Mehmd j bi pþniyara w hatibe qeblkirin.

    Rism Ala Kurd-1928

    Ronakbr siyasetvann Kurdan yn ku di saln 1900-1928’an li Kurdistan li stenbol di nav komele cemiyetn Kurdan de karkirine an damezrandine, piraniya wan piþt saln 1925 1930’y hatine li Sriy bi cih bne. Her w wext j bi nav Xoybn rxitinek avakirine. Ji weþan kitbn ku w dem li ser nav Xoybn derketine t fm kirin ku her ew ala ku di 1920’de hatiye tesbtkirin, ji al Xoybn ve j hatiye qebl kirin.

    Dsa t gotin ku di serhildana Agry de ‹hsan Nr her ev ala Kurd bi karanye. Hetta rismek ku ji w wext maye, di gelek kovar kitban de hatiye belavkirin.

    hsan Nr bi xwe di brannn xwe de weha dibje:

    "Di 1926 de, Bro Hesk Tell, ji la Celal, li iyay Agr syan kir, xwe kiþa iya. Di 1927 de nivskar ‹hsan Nr, xwe b Agr gihand, dareya þoriþ bi dest girt, ji aly Komtey Xoybn qomser fewqeladey esker ntxab b (hat hilbijartin). Di w sal de bayraxa s rengn a stqlala Kurdistan, ku di sala 1920 Cemyeta Kurdstan Teal qebl kirib, ji aly Xoybn þandin Agr. hsan Nr eweln car w di Agr de bilind kir.... (Hev, Kovara andya Giþt, Pars, no: 2, Gulan 1984, r.21)

    "...Min postek esker ji xortn nebez Kurda da kirin, ala Kurdistan serbixoy ra li qon Agr daiqand. Hz þikestxur Rom ku li etraf bajr Bayazd bn, ji ber ala azad Kurd din, dr diketin. Pasevann qaremann Agr ev ala ji dr ve hurra dikiþan, epleyan didan. Li w ax li Agr teþklateke esker, dareyeke Kurd heb...." (Hv, no: 2, Gulan 1984, r. 28)

    Her weha li ser qapaxa kitba Sureyya Bedirxan -ku ew j yek ji xebatkarn Xoybn bye- ala Kurd bi rengn hatiye apkirin li bin al j bi ngilz "Flag of Kurdistan" (Ala Kurdistan) hatiye nivsn. (binre; Sureyya Bedirxan, The Case of Kurdistan Aganst Turkey, By authorty of Hoyboon, Phladelphla, 1928)

    Di Gulana 1993’an de ez ji redaksiyona Armanc, Mrze Bextiyar em bn Kurdistana Sry. Li Qamiþly li malek, Kurdek alek Kurd nþan me da got ku "Ev al ya Xoybn ye, li mala Celadet Bedirxan b, min an". Her end em ne pispor qmaþ in, l ji qmaþ w wel dixuya ku gelek kevn b. Her weha me bawer bi w heval an imk tkilyn w Rewþen Bedirxan yn nzk bi hev re hebn. Me rism w al j kiþand.

    Kovara Hawar Ala Kurdan, 1932

    Di Hawar de li ser al gelek nivs helbest hatine belavkirin.

    Celadet Al Bedirxan di gotarek xwe de (gotar hem bi herfn Latn hem j bi herfn Ereb hatye apkirin) di qism behsa al de ala me ya royn tarf dike weha dibje:

    ".....Ala Kurdan, ji jor ber bi jr ve, ser hev, sor, sip kesk e, di nava w de roj diirise. ("Welat, Welatn Al", Hawar, No: 9 (30 lon 1932), r. 1-2)

    Ala Kurdan di 1932’an de li ser herd bergn Hawar, no: 11 (10 irya Paþn 1932) bi rengn hatye apkirin. Rengn w j:

    Sor li jor, li navend sip li bin j kesk, di ortde j tavek 18 trj (an j strkek 18 niik) heye. Celadet Bedirxan her di v hejmar de li ser mirina Þx Evdirrehman Garis nivsek nivsye tde weha dibje:

    "...Bel Þx min, min ji te re kefenek wel bijart ko hj tu kelaþ p nehatye pandin, min ji te re tirbeke wel koland ko hn tu mir neketin.

    Min kefen te kir: Sor, sip kesk zer, ala te, min tu veþart nav rpeln Hawar li ser w kla te daikand.

    Kefen te kefenek wel ye, rjk bt, ji te vebit li ser qelat bajarn te re li pl bibit.

    Tirba te tirbeke wel ye ko ne kla w bi birskn ezman diþike, ne cax dwarn w bi ba bager hildiweþe, ne axa w bi baran lehy qul dibe ji hev dikeve.

    Tirba te kitbek e, ko nifþn millet me deste-desta bikin her nifþ ji nifþ din re heta paþy, hinda rja qiyamet, ji hevd re d bisprin.

    Ev tirba te a abadn e. Min eva ha ji bona te bijart koland....."

    ("Þx Evdirrehman Garis rehmet", Hawar, No: 11(10.11.1932), r. 2-3)

    Dsa di Hawar, no: 5 (20 Trmeh 1932), r.4’an de Herekol Azzan (Celadet Bedirxan) helbestek li ser ala Kurd nivsye ku end malik j ev in:

    Al Kurdan

    Ala Kurdan di nav rok
    i bedew bi heybet
    Bi ar reng , rengn te
    i delal i xweþkok

    Xzek kesk xzek sor
    Nav sip nvek zer
    keskesor e, bi roj e
    Ev li jr ew li jor
    Herekol Azzan

    (b. Hawar, no: 5 (20 Trmeh 1932), r.4)

    Di Hawar, no: 8 (12 lon 1932), r. 7 de Dr. Kamran Bedirxan j li ser al helbestek nivsye di malikn pþn n v helbest de ala Kurdan weha tarf dike:

    Ala Kurdan

    Ronahiya dil av,
    Diyarya d bav
    Psra w roj tav
    Spehitiya ax av
    Ala Kurdan ser be ser
    Sor gewr e kesk zer.

    Dr. Kamran Al Bedirxan

    (b. Dil Kurn Min , Kitbxana Hawar, hejmar. 3, Þam, apxana Tereqq, 1932, r. 25 Hawar, no: 8 (12 lon 1932), r. 7)

    Di rokeke Nureddn Zaza de Ala Kurdan

    Nredn sif (Nreddn Zaza) di Hawar, no: 30 (1/7/1941), r.4-5 de bi nav Keskesor rokek nivsye. Di roka xwe de behsa dewra Þx Sed Pran dike qala dibistana xwe dike, paþ ku Kurd bi ser dikevin ala Tirka ji dreg dadixnin ala Kurdan hildidin jor ew j li gel bav xwe li ber dery seray ye paþ rok weha dom dike:

    "...Xelk li dora seray kom dibn. Em zaro j n; ew tiþt rengn di ser ser me re sekin b. L ew ne keskesora ezmn b. Ez bsebir bm... li bav xwe geriyam. Leþker rz girtibn, sitranek digotin, avn wan n tj trken bn. Min ew li ser hesp dt, ez m cem; w ez danm ber xwe. Min j pirs:

    -Bavo ev i keskesor e li ser seray?

    -Ev ala me ye kur min! Ev þan þerefa millet Kurd e!

    -Ber yeke sor heb, ew i b bavo?

    -Ew ya neyaran b. Neyar bi zor ketibn welat me. Em Kurd ro wan ji erd xwe derdixnin dibin xwediy w. Ha ji te re aleke pik! W deyne ser dil xwe! Heji w bike ji bo serfirazya w bixebite.

    Ez bi gotinn bav xwe bbm sermest. Dil min hildiavt. Bav min ez ma kirim ez danm erd.........."

    Piþt re li gor rok, Kurd ji ber hin sebebn eþrt, neliserhevbn, serketina wan pir dom nake. Dijmin dsa dikeve welat wan ala Kurdan ji dreg datnin rok weha dom dike:

    "...Ala rengn, þan rmeta me, irandin avtin ber lingn xwe, pl kirin li þna w ya xwe, ya xwnxwaran dann........" (Hawar, no: 30 (1/7/1941), r.4-5)

    Li Mehabad Ala Kurd, 1946

    Zinar Slop (Qedr Ceml Paþa) derheq Ala Kurd ya Cumhuryeta Mehabad de weha dibje:


    "Hukumeta Cumhuryeta Mehabad Ala Kurdstan ya ku di 1919’an de ji al Teþklat ctmaye Cemyety ve hatib tesbtkirin girtin, l li kleka roja w, rism du simbiln genim li piþt w j iyayek dareke am l zde kirin bi gulover j li ser w Dewlet Cumhuryet Kurdistan nivsn ew wek ala Cumhuryeta Mehabad qebl kirin"(5).

    Dsa di hejmara 9. a rojnama Kurdistan a Cumhuryeta Mehabad de axaftina keeke Kurd, þret Azm ya li ser ala Kurd hatiye belavkirin. Ji bo tarfa ala Kurd em en rzan ji w axaftin li jr dinivsin:

    "...Ey Ala Kurdistan s rengn, ey nþana bilindya Kurdistan!...Reng te y sor þahid e ku tu bi xwna Kurdan hetiye hilgirtin, reng te y sip nþana dilpakya Kurda ye, reng te y kesk j della ciwanya axa Kurdistan ye......"(5)

    Wllam Aegleton j derheq Ala Kurd ya Mehabad de weha nivsye:

    "Di Gulana 1944’an de rxistina Komel, bi alkar hevkarya hevalbendn xwe yn li iraq, ala Kurd ya mil hazir kirin. Ev al ku ji s xetan pkhat b, her xetek w rengek b. Li jor sor, li ort sip, li jr j reng kesk cih digirt. Bi v away bi ters qulubandineke rengn ala ran, ala Kurd hatib kirin. Li ser al roj -ku sembola Kurda ye- li kleka roj du simbiln genim, li piþt wan j iyayek qelemek heb"(6)

    "...Ser sibeha meha ileya Paþn a 1946’an b. Tav diiris, rojeke xweþ b....Ji gundn dor gund serok eþr hem hatibn Mehabad. Meydana wariray tij bb. Caddeya ku ji herd seryn bajr digihþt Meydana ariray bi aln Kurd bi flamayn sor sip kesk hatibn xemilandin..."(7)

    Musa Anter di brannn xwe de qala rxistineke llegal ku di saln 1948’an de li gel Yusif Azzolu end Kurdn din danne, dike. Di rxistin de sondek j dixwarin. Ji bo sond dest xwe dadiann ser Ala Kurdan ekek sonda xwe dixwarin. Musa Anter ji bo v al weha dibje:

    "Wezfa kirina al li ser min b. Ez m Kapaliarþiy min her yek nv mtro, min ar reng qmaþ kirn. Al ro j t zann. Sor, sip kesk, li ort j rojek zer. Sembola reng roja li ser al j weha ye; Sip, aþt ye, sor, xwn þoreþ r, kesk bereketa Kurdistan Mezopotamyay ye. Roj j sembola dn mill y Kurdan Zerdþt ye...."(8)

    Bulletn Du Centre D’Etudes Kurdes, 1948

    Di bin berpirsyarya Dr. Kamran Al Bedirxan de li Pars di navbera saln 1948-1950y de li ser hev 13 hejmarn w derketine. Nivsn w bi Frans ne, carna cih daye hin nivsn ngilz j. Li ser berg her hejmara w ala Kurd heye ku bi rengn e. Sor li jor, sip li ort, kesk li jr li ort j roj zer (9).

    NOT AVKAN

    (1)-Ev stran ji al Prym Socin l Kurdistan ji dev Cano Yahudyek Zaxoy ku nav w Pnhas e, hatye girtin. Ji bo agahdaryn zdetin n li ser v sitran binre:


    -Prym und Socn, Kurdsche Sammlungen, Erzhlungen u. Lieder n Dalekt des Tr ’Abdn, St. Petersbourg, 1887, r. 64

    -Rewþen (Kovara Yektya Rewþenbrn Welatparzn Kurdistan), No:3, (Zivistan 1989), Bonn, r. 49

    -Bazl Nktn, Les Kurdes, apa 2. Pars, 1975, r. 194, 224

    -Bazl Nktn, Krtler, Weþann zgrlk Yolu, apa 2. (Almanya ?), 1986, r. 342, 392
    (2)-Malmsanij, Btlsl Kemal Fevz ve Krt rgtler ‹ndek Yer, Stokholm, 1993, r. 127, 129, 148

    -Ji bo ala Kurd ya Kurdstan Teal Cemyet ku di 1925’an de ku di raporn ‹stklal Mahkemesy de nav w derbas dibe di hin avkanyan de weha hatye nvsn:

    "Piþt fada Seyd Evdilqadir, fada Kor Sa’d girtin. Kor Sa’d di fada xwe de got ku ala kesk a ku li ser qerta huvyet ya Kurdstan Teal Cemyety ye muxtaryeta Kurdstan fade dike....." (Do. Dr. Ergn Aybars, ‹stklal Mahkemeler 1923-1927, Ankara, 1982, r. 152)

    "Ji endaman Lutf Muft ji Seyid Evdilqadir maneya v al pirs. Seyid Evdilqadir got: -Xuya ye qey Ala Kurd ye." Aks (Haftalik aktualte dergs), no:11 (25 Aralik 1967), r. 24

    Di "stklal Mahkemes" ya Dyarbekir de endam heyeta mahkem Lutf Muft zdeþ di nav belgeyn Kurdstan Teal Cemyety de belgeyeke v komel dibne ku li ser w ala Kurd heye. Zemna w kesk e li ser w j rojek zer heye.

    "Lutf Muft zdeþ ji Seyid Evdilqadir maneya v al dipirse. Seyid Evdilqadir j bi qehr dibje:

    -Xuya e Ala Kurd ye."
    Piþt re di mahkem de ji Kor Sa’d dipirsin, ew j weha dibje:


    "-Ala kesk a li ser qerta huwyet ya Kurdstan Teal Cemyety ye, muxtaryeta Kurdstan fade dike...." (Behet Cemal, Þeyh Sat ‹syani, Sel Yayinlari, 1955, ‹st., r. 89)

    (3)-Zinnar Slop, Doza Kurdstan, Beyrt, 1969, r. 60

    (4)Wllam Aegleton, Mehabad Krt Cumhuryet 1946, Trkes: M. Emn Bozarslan, 2. Baski Komkar Yayinlari, Kln, 1989, r. 94-95, 152

    (5)-Slop, r.200, 203, 204

    (6)-Aegleton, r.94-95

    (7)-Aegleton, r.152

    (8)-Musa Anter; Hatiralarim, Doz Yayinlari, stenbol, 1990, r. 61-62

    (9) Ji bo rism al ya rengn binre:

    -Hawar (Kovara Kurd), Þam, No: 11(10.11.1932), berg pþ paþ.

    -Bulletn Du Centre D’Etudes Kurdes, No:1(1948)-no:13 (1950), Pars.

    -Sureyya Bedirxan, The Case of Kurdstan Aganst Turkey, By authorty of Hoyboon, Phladelphla, 1928.






    Mahmud Lewendi








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